Saint Martin of Tours (Caballero)
Born: 316 or 336 in Savaria, Diocese of Pannonia (Modern-day Hungary)
Died: November 8, 397
Venerated: Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Feast Day: November 11
Patronages: Against Poverty
This great and renowned Saint was born in Pannonia (Hungary) about 317. The son of pagan parents, he early became a catechumen and served in the Roman army until, after he had given half his cloak to a beggar at Amiens, a vision of Christ (about 339) impelled him to Baptism and the religious life.
He was ordained an exorcist by Saint Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, and spent the ensuing years in various places, for some time leading the life of a hermit off the Italian coast. He had the happiness of converting his mother and also was flogged for offering public opposition to the Arians. Upon Saint Hilary’s return from exile, Saint Martin rejoined him and built a monastery at Liguge where he lived until being chosen Bishop of Tours in 371.
In his new dignity he continued to lead the same humble and mortified life as before. At first he lived in a little cell near the church, but he afterward laid the foundations of the celebrated monastery of Marmoutier, which then consisted only of a series of grottoes in the rock, or of wooden cells, in which the holy Bishop and his disciples dwelt and performed their exercises of piety. A number of disciples flocked to his monastic standard, and he thus became the founder of monasticism in Gaul, as Saint Anthony had been in Egypt and Saint Hilarion in Palestine. This monastery also became a nursery of Bishops, such was the reputation of the disciples of Saint Martin.
The zealous labors of the Saint succeeded in extirpating idolatry from the diocese of Tours and the neighboring parts of Gaul. Although in the midst of the heresies of his time, he was a staunch adherent of the Catholic Faith. He, as well as Saint Ambrose, energetically protested against those who would put heretics to death. The life of this great Saint was one of constant prayer. His virtues were also rewarded by an extraordinary gift of miracles. After a long life of more than 80 years, he died peacefully in the year 397.